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By MIRANDA KENNY
BELTED Galloways have the tick
of approval from Belmont Park
Stud breeder Hume
The spectacular looking Scottish
breed of cattle, named for the wide
'belt' of white which encircles their
stomachs, have been bred by Hume
He now owns the largest herd in
Australia, running 150 breeders.
"I chose to start breeding them for
several reasons," he said.
"The first is that they are very easy
Hume said Belted Galloways had
low calving difficulty, were very good
doers and had a leaner and well mar-
Calves are born at weights of 20 to
25 kilograms -- before they grow into
average weights of 600kg (for cows)
or 850kg to 1000kg (for bulls) at
"I only breed cattle for seedstock,"
Hume said. "But I'm told they are a
slower maturing animal when it
comes to selling them in the market-
"Most calves are ready to sell at
two-years of age."
Scottish origins mean the breed
has a double coat to keep them warm
in wintry conditions, with a 'mossy'
Belties tick all boxes
BLACK AND WHITE: Hume Macdonald, Echunga, keeps an eye on his
distinctively-coloured stock, a herd of black and white Belted Galloways.
Double coat keeps them warm
undercoat and long overcoat.
They also have evolved to double
eyelashes, preventingproblems with
"Their double coat means they
don't need to consume as much
energy to keep warm," Hume said.
"This also means they put on less fat,
so the carcase is much leaner then
While the cattle had less intermus-
cular fat, Hume said meat was well-
marbled with intramuscular fat.
"It's very tasty to eat," he said.
In past years, Hume has done
"very well" showing cattle over-the-
hooks at the Royal Adelaide Show --
winning reserve champion steer
from more than 56 entries.
"The steer that won it that year
was exhibited by Mount Barker High
School," he said.
"For the past four years I have not
shown or exhibited stock because of
the drought, but the meat quality of
my Belted Galloways has always
scored very highly in these competi-
Hume said while the temperament
of animals was docile, good manage-
ment and handling of stock was also
"They are a very hardy breed," he
"They are docile but the main
thing with cattle is how you manage
There are several colour combina-
tions available: black and white, dun
and white and red and white.
"They are a smaller breed of cattle
-- I would call them medium-sized,"
"Unlike other breeds they have
remained true to type."
WITH lamb marking almost under
way, farmers are encouraged to con-
sider their vaccination program to
ensure they get the best out of their
Vaccination is important in reduc-
ing production losses, particularly as a
result of pulpy kidney, tetanus and
cheesy gland. By stimulating an
immune response, vaccines can assist
animals to build up immunity to dis-
eases, thereby preventing stock
The vaccines work by initiating a
response to a potential source of
infection. The immunity acquired is an
active form of immunity and will not
provide full cover unless two vaccina-
tions are given for most agricultural
The first vaccination, known as a
sensitising dose, starts antibody pro-
duction but is only effective for three
to four weeks. The second vaccination
lifts the immunity level further and
provides the animal with cover for up
to 12 months. For the animal to main-
tain full immunity it must be given a
Ideally lambs should be given a
sensitising dose of vaccine at marking
and a booster at weaning. This pro-
vides protection against tetanus
occurring around lamb marking time,
and pulpy kidney when young sheep
go into a feedlot or stubble.
For best results ewes should be
given a booster annually, ideally four
weeks before lambing as this will pro-
vide the lamb with some passive
cover for the first few weeks of life.
Vaccines need to be administered
according to the instructions on the
vaccine packet. Normally, they are
given just under the skin (subcuta-
neous), straight into the muscle
(intramuscularly) or by scratching the
surface of the animals' skin.
It is important, however, to consider
when the animal will be slaughtered
before administering injections, as
they can cause carcase damage. Neck
cuts are low value cuts, so damage
there impacts less on carcase value.
Key points to remember when
implementing a vaccination plan:
• Booster shots must be given with-
in 4-6 weeks of the sensitising dose
• Ewes need an annual booster,
preferably within four weeks of lamb-
ing• Keep vaccines refrigerated
• Always administer according to
• Do not use vaccine that has
passed its expiry date.
• Need to know more?
Wayne Mossop, Animal Health
Officer, Biosecurity SA 08 8391 7164.
with MARY CHIRGWIN, Biosecurity SA - Animal Health
Give lambs 'sensitising'
dose for optimum value
Judy & Donald invite you to come along and
see them at Adelaide Show
BREEDING QUALITY BLACK BELTED GALLOWAY
Tony and Jo Kreher of
Bonnibelt Belted Galloway Stud
Ph 08 8531 2552 Otto Rd, Murray Bridge
in Sides and
Quarters of Beef
as well as their
about the breed,
the beef and their
are breeders of Black and Red Belted Galloways.
BELTED GALLOWAY STUDS
SALE Cows in calf and or with calf at foot
Heifers -- Joined and Unjoined, Lines of 10 ++
Bulls Ready to Work
Hume Macdonald 08 8388 8503 - Woodlands Road, Echunga
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