Home' Smart Farmer : May 2011 Contents By CATHERINE MILLER
UTUMN is traditionally a time when
livestock producers must turn to supple-
mentary feeding of sheep and cattle to
ensure they get their daily nutritional require-
Many producers this year were hopeful that,
with above average summer rainfall, the amount
of hay and grain fed would be minimal, but as a
dry autumn sets in there is likely to be a need for
higher quality supplements for substitution
feeding through the autumn and winter months.
Compass Feeds' nutritionist Ross Waller said
green paddock feed was drying off quickly in
many areas of the State and, in the past few
weeks, his company had received strong enquiry
for their stockfeeds, particularly from Eyre
He is encouraging producers to assess the dry
matter production of their paddocks and pasture
quality to start supplementary feeding.
Mr Waller said it was important to maintain
the condition score of their animals and avoid
even higher feed bills in the colder, winter
"The green feed is still there, but the quality of
paddock feed has definitely waned, so it is time
to look at supplementation," he said.
"They really need to start putting hay out, par-
ticularly to those pregnant animals which are yet
to lamb or calve." Producers should firstly recog-
nise the difference between supplementary feed-
with ROSS WALLER,
Livestock production consultant
Worm management always profitable
THE whole management approach to internal
parasite control is often region-specific.
And with most animal health strategies, pro-
ducers probably need to consult a professional
Sheep are very susceptible to worm burdens.
Their small, faecal pellets disintegrate very easi-
ly, releasing larvae onto pasture.
They graze very close to the soil surface and
develop immunity very slowly, usually taking 10
to 12 months to develop immunity.
Ewes will lose immunity at the time of lamb-
ing and this may not be restored for up to four
A must-do drench is essential at weaning
time for lambs. A good regime is to drench and
wean Merino lambs at 14 weeks. In some cir-
cumstances, some meat breed sheep are
weaned a little later, but it's good practice to
drench at 14 weeks: at least you have a date
and time to work towards.
Ideally, adult sheep only need to be drenched
one or two times a year, but weaners or
younger sheep need three or four drenches.
This is always dependent on the year.
Monitoring sheep via faecal egg count is
paramount to keeping good, healthy sheep.
Local rural merchandisers will often assist
with collecting and chasing results.
Grazing management is about ensuring the
younger sheep that are most vulnerable to
worm burden are grazing pastures with the
Research clearly shows that sheep allowed
access to good nutrition better manage worm
burdens and are more able to maintain better
Slow release capsule technology has really
taken over in this area of production, particu-
larly for sheep lactating in high risk situa-
Once again, seek out a local vet for advice.
In winter rainfall areas, the two main worms
to combat are the brown stomach worm and
black scour worm. Keep your sheep and
lambs in top order by:
• Testing for worm burden -- it is simple and
• Ensure good nutrition, good pasture rota-
• Run sheep and goats together or follow
cattle pasture rotations with sheep.
• Develop integrated strategies with the help
of a local vet or PIRSA.
Good management of internal parasites is
not always difficult, but it is always profitable.
Need to know more?
Ross Waller 0427 186 943
THE basic objective of the
Whoppa Choppa livestock
fodder processor is to pro-
vide a multi-purpose, live-
stock fodder feeder which
enables farmers to feed out in a much shorter
time, while feeding hay or silage in such a way
that it is easily accessed and quickly consumed
by livestock. The PTO-driven chopping wagon
usually cuts hay or silage into 5-centimetre to
15cm lengths before dropping the fodder into
neat 30-60cm windrows. The result is that all
stock, from the most greedy through to timid
heifers, get a fair chance at the feed. Many farm
owners are experiencing savings of up to 30 per
cent of their fodder usage. The Whoppa Choppa
needs to be powered by a 40 kilowatt to 55kW
tractor and one round bale will usually stretch to
form a 50-metre to 150m long, neat windrow
after being processed through the machine.
• Details: Graham Wood Machinery, Grantville
Victoria 0418 591 678 or 03 5678 8880.
Correct fencing crucial
of Neil Tickle Fencing, Neil
Tickle, from the lower
Hunter Valley region, New South Wales, has been
working with the owners of some of the state's
most valuable dressage and competition horses
for many years to solve their fencing problems.
Horse owners can be the most exacting cus-
tomers when choosing the best fencing for their
charges, and this is with very good reason.
"Contrary to popular belief, one of the safest
options is a good quality wire mesh, and it is also
a fraction of the cost of PVC or timber," Neil said.
"Correct fencing is so important for horses, espe-
cially for boundaries." Sales representative from
Waratah Daniel Crisp says the fence is also virtu-
ally maintenance-free when you combine
Waratah's hot dipped galvanized GalStar® posts
and Longlife Blue® wire products in the same
• Details: Contact your Waratah
representative, customer service centre on 13
10 80 or visit Waratah website
Seek advice from an animal nutritionist or
animal health representative about nutritional
requirements of animals.
Understand difference between supplementary
feeding, substitution feeding.
Find out what grains are available locally.
Ask for a feed test before purchasing hay and
Work out the value of each different available
feed based on its nutritive value/t, rather than
Consider using a total mixed ration, especially
for small numbers.
Dry matter Metabolisable Energy Crude Protein Acid detergent fibre
(MJ/kg of DM)
(% of DM)
12.4-13.9 (12.9) 7.5-15 (11.5)
11.6-12.2 (11.9) 7.0-13.0 (11.0)
12.0-13.0 (12.5) 7.5-14.0 (11.0)
10.4-11.3 (10.7) 5.5-13.5 (9.0)
Narrow leaf lupins 92
13.1-14.1(13.7) 27.0-42.0 (34.0) 17.5-23 (20.0)
12.5-13.5 (13.0) 21.5-30.0(25.5)
• Source: Feeding and Managing Sheep in Dry Times -- Primary Industries & Resources South
Australia and Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia
The exceptionally robust Australian designed Whoppa Choppa
chops and feeds round and square bales of hay and silage.
The Universal Livestock Fodder Processor
"Whether an Abundance or a Drought, still need to Feed Fodder Efficiently"
0418 591 678
Ph: (03) 5678 8880 Fax: (03) 5678 8247
email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.grahamwoodmachinery.com.au
• Minimise Wastage
• Maximise Production
• Processes fodder to ideal length for
"tickle factor" in rumen
• Ideal paddock feeding
• Suit cattle, dairy, sheep, deer, goats
• Optional elevators to suit feed
pads and/or feedlots
SA Distributors -- R & V Pilgrim, Box 111, Bordertown 5268 • Ph (08) 8753 7203, Mobile 0428 173 350, Fax (08) 8753 7201
• Twin Bin
• Trail Feeds
• Fills Bins
• Fully Sprung
• 5.5hp Honda
Invention of the Year
Henty Machinery Field Day
Prices Start from:
$10389.50 inc GST
36 Bag OR 50 Bag Size
• Feeding Sheep or
• Ideal for Fattening
• Fully Galvanised
• Swing Away Roof
• Round & Square Bales
$2893 inc GST + Freight
• Fattening or Supplementing Feeding
• Superior Licking Action • Full Galvanised • 24 Bags
Ewes Train YoungLambs to Eat out of the Feeder
Freight -- $869 inc GST to Adelaide or South East
• Electric Brakes
• Electric Trail Feed
• Tail Lights
• Tall Auger
• Fitted Tarp
• Roll Tarp
• Extra Divider
• Additive Box
$1551 inc GST
PASSIONATE ABOUT THE
The Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
Natural Resources Management
(NRM) Board is seeking people with
an active interest in natural resources
management and an understanding of
their local area to become NRM Group
and Water Allocation Planning
Advisory Committee (WAPAC)
Nominations for membership sought.
We want to hear from you if you have a
management, water resources
management, strong links into your
local community and knowledge of
Vacancies currently exist within the
regional NRM Groups and WAPACs
which cover the Adelaide and Mount
Lofty Ranges NRM Region.
Further information, maps of the NRM
Group and WAPAC areas and
application forms are available from the
www.amlrnrm.sa.gov.au or by
contacting the Board's office on (08)
Applications close 5pm Monday 23
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