Home' Smart Farmer : May 2010 Contents MAY, 2010
HEADING into cooler, wet months,
supplementary feeding becomes a
bit of an art form, particularly
when feeding adult ewes coming into
Once a diet is formulated, farmers
should consider that the transition from
low quality feed intake to diets
containing grain should be slow and
progressive. Sheep should always be
introduced to any new ration slowly and
over two weeks (especially high starch
diets). Five days is the time that rumen
micro-flora require to 'recognise' new
feed stuffs, even very basic ones.
It is always a good strategy to have a
body condition score set so that
monitoring can at least be measured or
gauged. Condition score 3 is ideal for the
ewe portion of the flock. During periods
Strategies for autumn
GOOD STUFF: Supplementary feed is often introduced as the cooler weather arrives.
Transition from low-quality grazing to any additional ration should take place gradually.
Transition to supplementary feed should
Quantities of supplement depend on
Lambing ewes require mineral, trace
of flush or plentiful feed, ewes tend to
gain weight and this will ultimately add
the dilemma of pregnancy toxemia
However, a starting point needs to be
determined so that we can set feeding
rates.The amount of food that each
sheep requires varies with each level of
production. Maintaining a specified
bodyweight for the ewe is not a difficult
task once bodyweights are known.The
amount of food required each day is
expressed as a percentage of the known
In a confined area a target body weight
of 1.5 per cent is a good point to start,
but is very much dependent on the
contribution of food from the pasture.
This means that a 60 kilogram ewe will
require approximately 900 grams of
balanced feed each day, Sheep in this
situation are best fed each day.
Normally the ration starts off slowly
and is built up to 'full feeding'.
Example of simple feedstuff
This diet would be introduced slowly
over seven days, after which the ratio of
hay to grain would change to give a
greater portion of grain over hay.The
quality of hay would also dictate the
amount or percentage finally fed, for
example, lucerne hay , vetch hay or
clover combinations are of greater
nutrient quality than that of cereal hay or
straw, which would impact on nutrient
uptake and amounts fed.
The above example is only of quantity
not quality, other ingredients need to be
taken into consideration for cost
effective inclusion -- lupins, beans, peas
along with triticale and oats all have a
role to play as additions to the diet.This
should be determined before the start of
the feeding program.
Minerals, vitamins and rumen buffers
are all a part of the feeding regime.The
lambing ewe requires a balance of
minerals and trace elements, particularly
those that encourage smooth muscle
function, vitamin E plays a vital role at
lambing and should not be understated.
All the ingredients that are contained
in diet or feeding regimes need to be
thought about carefully. Grains or
additives should not be discounted or
added into any diet until the role of the
products and the performance expected
are thought about and understood.
All animals growing, producing or at
maintenance level require known
amounts of products and nutrients. All
the latest technology does not override
commonsense and understanding.
Each diet needs to be compiled
individually and matched to the animals
Need to know more:
Ross Waller, Compass Feeds 0427 186943
Introduced in the 1860 s their numbers and
distribution are still increasing and most landowners
still underestimate the true scale of the problem. At
4 to 8 foxes per square kilometre, Victoria harbours
about 1-2 million foxes that eat over 100,000 tonnes
of lambs and wildlife each year. Half of the foxes
are female and raise five cubs each per year, so
foxes are replaced quickly to disperse into control
areas each season.
Australia is rapidly losing the majority of its small
native species, due in large part to fox predation
in most habitats.
Foxes also spread weeds like olive trees and
blackberries and carry important diseases to
pets and humans. Australia would change
forever if rabies entered the fox population.
Foxes cost graziers and the
environment a fortune
The FOXOFF®project was developed with
support from all agencies in the 1990 s to enable
effective group campaigns on foxes. Since then
it is estimated that nearly $1 billion of stock
has been saved and there have been countless
examples of successful wildlife protection
programs (eg Southern Arc).
This shelf-stable bait is well researched and
highly effective. FOXOFF® is designed
to maximise safety to most non-target
species and to degrade completely in the
environment, leaving no residues. It is
readily found and easily eaten by foxes and
achieves high levels of control.
Foxes have colonised all grasslands, forests, rangelands, coastal & alpine habitats
throughout mainland Australia, except the far north, but these proud predators from
Europe have no place in our fragile environment.
saving Australia's lambs and wildlife
Examples of wildlife and poultry lost to foxes
In Queensland, FOXOFF is only
available from the Authorised
(1080) Officer of local councils or
FOXOFF® is available in
convenient resealable pails
of 10, 20, 50, 100 or 200 baits
to suit any program.
ANIMAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES (Aust) Pty Ltd
Excellence in pest animal management technology
Phone: 03 9308 9688
Fax: 03 9308 9622
Makers of FOXOFF®, DOGGONE®, RABBAIT®, PIGOUT®, DEN-CO-FUME®, MOUSEOFF® Zinc Phosphide &
MOUSEOFF® Bromadiolone rodent baits & RATTOFF® plague rat control.
In Victoria, FOXOFF is only available
from your local Agsafe 1080-Accredited
Rural Merchant, only to holders of a 1080
Endorsed ACUP Permit.
In WA, FOXOFF is only available through
accredited merchants to holders of a 1080
In NSW, FOXOFF is available from all
offices of the Livestock Health & Pest
In SA, FOXOFF is only available from your
local Natural Resources Management
For more information visit:
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